Thursday, January 31, 2008
Wednesday, January 30, 2008
another primary down....
And just because it's in the news that Ron Francis withdrew last week from his announced bid for PA's 4th congressional district, setting up a rematch of between incumbent congressman Jason Altmire and former congresswoman Melissa Hart... here is the map I put up before of how the original race went:
We'll come back to this in the fall. But again, I think all these congressional races are soon to be impacted by reapportionment that will happen following the 2010 Census. Could be some pretty big changes in the shapes of these districts even if Pennsylvania loses just one congressional seat which is the conventional wisdom. Thus one of the reasons the current and next cycles of state legislative races are so important is because who controls Harrisburg in just a few years will determine how that redistricting goes.
Related trivia on that: if Pennsylvania goes from 19 to 18 congressional seats it will put the Pennsylvania delegation at exactly half of the largest delegation it ever sent which was made up of 36 congressional districts during the 1910's.
Not a new book, but for a lot of history on one of those moved/consolidated congressional districts locally is in:
Tuesday, January 29, 2008
Monday, January 28, 2008
Bullish on the Rust Belt
What they said.
Pure Distilled Wonkery
Speaking of data... you've heard of podcamp I bet... What do you think barcamp is? Not what you think I bet. See what the BBC describes in the lastest posting from it's Free Our Data column: 'No one in government IT will have done this before'.
Sunday, January 27, 2008
Not missing a zero - Mon Valley real estate prices
Saturday, January 26, 2008
You think you understand this blog thing
South Carolina prognostications
Friday, January 25, 2008
Happy Anniversary City Wage Tax
Thursday, January 24, 2008
Can a violation of investor trust lead to financial contagion in the market for tax-exempt hospital bonds? by Patrick M. Bernet and Thomas E. Getzen. International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics. Friday, November 23, 2007.
I can't put it up in its entirety but here is the abstract:
"Not-for-profit hospitals rely heavily on tax-exempt debt. Investor confidence in such instruments was shaken by the 1998 bankruptcy of the Allegheny Health and Education Research Foundation (AHERF), which was the largest U.S. not-for-profit failure up to that date and whose default was accompanied by claims of accounting irregularities. Such shocks can result in contagion whereby all hospitals are viewed as riskier. We test for the significance and duration of resulting contagion using an industry-specific model of interest cost determinants. Empirical tests indicate that contagion does occur, resulting in higher interest on new debt issues from other hospitals. "
I was thinking of offering a prize if anyone out there could prove they found and read this article... anyone other than Fester that is, he has probably read it already.
Wednesday, January 23, 2008
postscript on the mayoral election
The fall election was just 2 months ago. Think back to the coverage of the mayoral campaign here in the city of Pittsburgh. Descriptions in the media like "most interest being generated in decades" were commonplace. Those statements beg the question of whether that sparked any atypical interest on the part of voters.
Soooo. Here is what I get if you break down the actual voters who showed up at the polls in the city in November (around 70K in total) broken down by how long it had been since their original voter registration. Note that their original registration may not be their first time they voted. People who move into the county from elsewhere need to register with the county to vote here... and not all new registrants are 'young people' either... plenty of people only register for the first time later on.
But when you break it out you get this pie chart:
So people who registered heading into the election and who showed up to vote can't possibly have exceeded 1% of everyone who voted. That includes everyone who had registered over the previous 12 full months, so some may have been more interested in the primary election. You have to figure some (most?) of that 1% was just natural steady state new voter registration flow, not people motivated by the fall election in any particular way.
Note that there were many more people who registered to vote over the previous year, things like motor voter and other registration processes ensure that, but those who recently registered and actually voted gets you nothing more than that 1%. I tried to find some pattern in the new registrants who made up that 1%, but nothing stood out. They are pretty diffuse by age, by area of the city, and spread out across the year in terms of when they registered.
So did either of the mayoral campaigns include any new registration efforts at all? I doubt it because if they did they failed pretty completely. Even without explicit efforts to seek out new voters you would think the media attention itself would have spurred greater interest than that.
Tuesday, January 22, 2008
boom goes the bond insurance market
But I really started to point out that Fester again gets to the heart of the matter on how the implosion in the municipal bond insurance market connects directly to local city finance issues. Last week the bond rating agencies started to downgrade the municipal bond rating agencies. The first to tip was Ambac which was downgraded from AAA to AA on Friday and remains on a negative watch portending possible future downgrades. From what I read, nobody expects this to be the end of it. The whole bond insurance imbroglio remains pretty much the most important story to the economy that you just don't read about.
Why do we care? Ambac is one of just a handful of bond insurers and has insured large chunks of city debt in the past. Per the article linked above the consequences of this downgrade include:
"The downgrade likely means Ambac will not underwrite any more business, said John Flahive, director of fixed income for BNY Mellon Wealth Management. "Fewer suppliers of bond insurance can only be bad news for the pricing and thus for the consumers of bond insurance, consumers like the city. As Fester points out as well, impending balloon payments in the city's existing debt schedule will eventually necessitate refinancing. It will be at that point that the turmoil in the muni bond insurance market will be an issue.
More generally, the last quote in that article explains the big picture for Pittsburgh and all local government entities with debt:
"At the very minimum the troubles of the insurers will drive up borrowing costs of cities and other local entities at a time when many are strained by weaker tax revenue, said John Atkins, a fixed-income analyst at IDEAGlobal.com."
There is a side story of sorts... not exactly a silver lining, but because of the hit on equity markets of late, money has been going into bonds. Thus bond rates, and in particular municipal bond insurance rates are being depressed. It could potentially be a good time to refinance chunks of municipal debt. One criticism of city debt offerings in the past is that there have been issuances with limited provision to refinance, something that makes the bonds more valuable to the purchaser... but more costly to the issuer in the long run. If I had time it would be an interesting exercise to see if the city has any refi options at all at this point and whether the rate regime is enough to offset the costs of either higher bond insurance costs, or the costs of borrowing at the city's lower innate credit rating.
With that, the wonk-alarm goes off.... about 5 paragraphs too late I know. Lest I start waxing poetic on cubic splines I will leave it at that. Also, my longer recent ramblings on the impact of bond insurance Will Warren Buffet Someday Own Pittsburgh... and a little farther back I ranted some more in: Sic Semper Ero Debitum.
Monday, January 21, 2008
Sunday, January 20, 2008
those elusive innovation metrics
OK. I lie, I am unable to remain parse-free. While innovation and entrepreneurship are not the same thing, they are often talked about together. How long has entrepreneurship been an issue in Pittsburgh? Old Pittsblog readers may recall this thread of thought, but you have to go and read: CONTRASTS IN AGGLOMERATION: NEW YORK AND PITTSBURGH. By Benjamin Chiniz who was the department chair in Economics back then at the University of Pittsburgh. Published in the American Economic Review,Papers and Proceedings,Vol. 51, 1961, pp. 279-289. A long time ago yes? Yet I'm not so sure you can't make some of the same arguments today. (if you are at a participating university, you can read the original via JSTOR).
Saturday, January 19, 2008
Pittsburgh Recast.. or is that re-recast
Friday, January 18, 2008
But that got me on a stream of conscience thinking about blogs that could or should exist. Blogs seem to have hit the proverbial tipping point with new blogs popping up everywhere. I don't think I could run these myself, but for those looking for a blog-theme here are a few thoughts of blogs that should be started or re-started:
pittsburgh.blogspot.com actually exists, but looks like it has not been updated since 2002. Anyone have any idea who grabbed that name?
gianteagle.blogspot.com This exists as well with only some old dead content. You would think that such a big employer might spawn some employee-based blog to spread gossip and innuendo if nothing else. Even iggle.blogspot.com has been taken, but has no content whatsover. Is there an extant un-official Giant Eagle blog out there?
upmc.blogspot.com? same. Taken but content-less. But it is not for our UPMC but for the Universal Pain Management Center. Maybe it is really the same place?
I saw a mention of a Cleveland history blog... maybe we need pittsburghhistory.blogspot.com (available as of the time I type).
speaking of history... grantstreet99.blogspot.com would be an interesting one to watch.... if it existed that is.
maybe for the blog deprived city employees: disgruntledenebriatedcityemployee.blogspot.com
Speaking of (former) city employees... I think Sophie should start a blog. Maybe something like sophiespeaks.blogspot.com?
any other notional blog ideas out there? We need to make sure we are not caught in an inter-regional blog gap.
Thursday, January 17, 2008
Wednesday, January 16, 2008
Rust Belt Divergence
But if you play it out to today, the most interesting thing is not that Pittsburgh is doing better than the other two, but that the difference between the three is so large and how consistently the divergence has been. Where once the three regions showed nearly identical unemployment rates, Detroit's unemployment rate is nearly double Pittsburgh's. So again, just something to watch.
Tuesday, January 15, 2008
There is a primary today right?
How Important is Quality of Life?
...the Pittsburgh region's future depends to such a major extent upon retaining and attracting highly qualified and professional and technical people and business enterprisers, who are in demand everywhere and who command a high standard of residential amenity and cultural and professional opportunities.
What is surprising is that this quote isn't anything new. This all comes from Region With a Future. Volume 3 of the Economic Study of the Pittsburgh Region. Produced by the Pittsburgh Regional Planning Association. Edgar Hoover, Study Director. Published by the University of Pittsburgh Press. in 1964.
Sunday, January 13, 2008
With news of some agreements reached for a Community Benefit Agreement regarding the HIll District and the new arena being built, it is a good time to review where this all really started. Readers here have heard me say this before, but for anyone new.... or anyone who thinks that anything going on up on the Hill started last week, last month, or even last year or decade: I think everyone in Pittsburgh ought to read Root Shock: How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America and What We Can Do About It, by Dr. Mindy Fullilove of Columbia University.
As disclosure, my review of the book was printed in the PG. That review was really overshadowed by some emotional photos from the PG's own archives which they ran alongside the text. Unfortunately those photos are not online. But I will repaste the text of that review below:
This is a book that many in Pittsburgh have no need to read. An account of the demolition of the Lower Hill District in the 1950s, it is a history many Pittsburghers experienced firsthand. Yet the book by Columbia University psychiatrist Mindy Thompson Fullilove is much more than a book about Pittsburgh. The author investigates the massive renewal projects that were intended to save urban America after World War II.
By documenting the profound loss of community that resulted from these projects, it's a scathing indictment of urban policy in the United States, past and present.
The uprooted communities -- the author estimates there are more than 1,600 across the country -- were concentrated in the African-American communities of America's large cities.
The consistent theme is that the wholesale displacement of neighborhoods had an impact more traumatic and longer-lasting than is understood. "Root shock ... ruptures bonds, dispersing people to all the directions of the compass," Fullilove writes. It caused the destruction of the interconnections that "were essential to the survival of the community."
Pittsburgh was not alone as a victim of massive urban renewal efforts run amok. The author focuses on three areas, balancing the saga of the Lower Hill with that of the Central Ward of Newark, N.J., and the smaller Virginia city of Roanoke.
They might seem to have been vastly different communities, but the analogies between their experiences with urban renewal outweigh their dissimilarities.
The book is about the destruction of housing yet not about housing at all. Fullilove points out that urban renewal was really no more than "contagious housing destruction."
The truth is these projects often did not include new housing at all, or provided housing only after decades, long after the original residents had moved on.
The legacy of many such projects was to leave vast "urban prairies" in their wake.
The implications of such widespread and systematic neighborhood destruction go far beyond the specific communities affected. "Root shock ... disabled powerful mechanisms of community, leaving the black world at an enormous disadvantage for meeting the challenges of globalization," Fullilove says.
Because urban renewal efforts were concentrated in traditionally African-American neighborhoods, the impact on the entire African-American community was magnified.
Fullilove is a social psychiatrist, but her book crosses many disciplines. It is hard to say whether the book is more about history, architecture, sociology, urban planning or psychiatry.
Arguably it is difficult to follow the thread that ties together all of these perspectives. Yet, to have written a more narrowly focused book would have oversimplified a complex issue. The multifaceted nature of the problem eschews labeling and needs a multidisciplinary synthesis such as Fullilove's.
The author and her husband, Robert E. Fullilove III, spent 1998 and much of 1999 in Pittsburgh as Falk Fellows at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health's Center for Minority Health.
That firsthand knowledge comes through as she often seems to be writing about the experiences of her most personal friends. The author is sometimes the compassionate caregiver dispensing advice to the community as a whole. At other times she is a more dispassionate observer documenting what are the most traumatic events of many lives.
What comes across most vividly are the real and palpable losses suffered by the individuals and families forced to leave their homes.
Just as the book seems to be focusing on just the history of urban renewal, the author reminds the reader that past can be prologue. Even, or especially, today the desire to improve urban neighborhoods overlooks the displacement of the residents.
The book's ultimate contribution may be asking the simple question: "What was it like before urban renewal?" Because "we cannot understand the losses unless we first appreciate what was there."
Apologists of failed renewal projects often point out the unknown of the counterfactual, or what would have happened without the projects. The unspoken premise is that what was there before was not worth saving in the first place.
Fullilove makes a clear argument that the essence of a community is irreplaceable.
Second City Goeth
"This is Pittsburgh, it's the other places that are strange."However.. If you want to experience Pittsburgh's inner Sartre, you have to go see Pittsburgh's Squonk Opera. The reprise of Pittsburgh: The Opera begins this Thursday at the Kelly-Strayhorn Theater in the very heart of East Liberty (not the intersection of the Friendship and Shadyside Arts Corridor's as it is sometimes called).
mapping graduation rates
Saturday, January 12, 2008
measuring the virtual soap box
If you want a good overview explaining the measurement of the blogosphere and blog-metrics see this explanation from down under: blog statistics and demographics.
Friday, January 11, 2008
a tale of two years
Thursday, January 10, 2008
the ultimate burgh innovation: blue bags
I can't quickly find a clear historical reference for this, but buried in my head is the historical factoid that it was Sophie Masloff or someone on her staff who came up with the idea to get local supermarkets to change the color of their bags to blue so they could be used for the city's recycling program. If you think about it, it really was a remarkably rare bit of common sense introduced into public policy. People would have more incentive to use the program because they would not need to buy blue bags. and I imagine the program recaptures some of the bags that themselves would become garbage. Call it our contribution to the fight against global warming. Maybe some more branding should have been implemented. Is it too late to call them Sophie bags.
Ghost malls? Try Demolished Malls.
Wednesday, January 09, 2008
Just say no.... to Courier New
That is all a lead in to highlight the last few days of a movie that was written up in the New York Times last year called Helvetica*. The Times review is appropriately titled: The Life and Times of a Typeface. Pittsburgh Filmakers is showing it right now for a few days. I have not seen it yet but hope to be there tonight or tomorrow. It is quite literally a film about the typeface. See the Pittsburgh Filmakers site for information on showtimes. But a film about a typeface... it just does not get any higher on the wonk quotient.
* No that font isn't it's namesake, but blogger does not seem to have an easy option for helvetica itself I have no time to figure out how to hack it... simple as it probably is.
Tuesday, January 08, 2008
Why do we have primaries again?
I will plagiarize myself. Below is most of my primary election post from last year, at least the parts that are still germane. The last paragraph explains how Crawford County, Pennsylvania is responsible for the unique American primary system. And the "Freedom Curtain" video is pretty funny.
Given all the controversy over electronic voting machines these days, a fun video to watch is Behind the Freedom Curtain, a voting machine sales video circa 1957. Where is Herb Tarlek when you need him? Maybe people would be happier with the new machines if they were named "freedom screens". but speaking of voting...
The fact that there is an endorsement process raises a bigger question concerning the primary election itself. Or the primary to follow this one technically. There is a growing debate over the timing of the Pennsylvania presidential primary. Is it too late in the primary season to matter? PG covered the question last month, but a more in depth perspective came last week from PA politics guru Terry Madonna in his January 25th Politically Uncorrected column. Today the AP is reporting that a state senator is proposing that Pennsylvania's presidential primary be moved to February 5th. Think about that timing for a minute. That means candidates would have to file by New Years. Would that mean that the party nominations would take place before XMAS? One way or another it's going to be a perpetual election season. We have to get through this election then by fall the presidential primary season will be in full gear. By the time a new president elected the next mayoral campaign will be gearing up.
Which then makes you wonder why do we have primaries at all? Plenty of modern democracies do not hold primaries.. Not even all states in the US have primaries. The caucus system is still in use in Iowa as we will all re-learn a year from now. Can you imagine a caucus system in place here? It turns out that the direct primary system got its start just outside of Pittsburgh. Crawford County, Pennsylvania created the direct primary in 1842. The local Democratic Party had a chaotic and ultimately failed county convention that year whereupon no slate of candidates was nominated. In the machinations that followed, they ultimately dealt with the situation by allowing all Democrats to cast equal votes for who would represent the party in elections that fall. Seems like a normal enough idea now, but it had never been tried that way before. The idea was so well liked that it transformed from a provisional measure to the permanent method of selecting party nominees. While the idea spread throughout the state and nation, it was not an overnight change. Pennsylvania would not have a comprehensive law requiring primaries until 1913.
sub-prime notes (updated)
As an update... there is a lot of coverage of this foreclosure article/map in the Atlantic Magazine. (h/t to the marginal revolution and others). I took the liberty of blowing up the midatlantic region and in particular the Ohio/PA border which gives you this rather stunning map:
Sunday, January 06, 2008
Be careful what you ask for
So if nothing else changes, but this one seat flips (by gender that is), it will mean that the decision by Bennington to not run again will ironically leave the Pennsylvania House not just with one fewer woman, but will single handedly put the PA house back to the same number of women as there were a decade ago. Does that really count as abetting progress? Go figure.
It may not be fair to pin the statewide number on a singl candidate, but when you run saying you are doing so because you are upset at the number of women in office you have to wonder about the timing of the decision to go home. It may be true that there is some strong female candidate out there about to run for this seat, but if not she has more than likely enabled the candidates who were already planning to run against her.. and those were mostly men I am pretty sure. Remember, its now less than two weeks to put in your application to be considered for the ACDC endorsement. It's not what you would want to do if you wanted to help another women fill this seat and by getting out this way the seat may not be filled by a woman for years to come... but we will see.
But there is a bigger issue that people don't like to talk about. Is a female candidate always the best candidate to support women's issues. The race between Pistella and Bennington is a good case in point. It's clearly true that Pistella had overstayed his welcome and after a tenure in office measured in decades one ought to find something else to do. With apologies to Senator Byrd, but after 30+ years if you are still in office they ought to be naming buildings for you if you stick around.Yet somwhere in there Pistella did do things they were almost always supportive of women's issues. One of the disadvantages of a large legislature is that you cant have big headline successes for all 253 of them day in and day out. A lot of things don't make the news yet are pretty important. Once it was explained to me by a completely unpolitical source that Pistella had been instrumental in getting some insurance laws changed to allow the Children's Home here in Pittsburgh to offer some more services to disabled infants. Important for women? Important period? Do things like that make it into the public discourse? All rhetorical questions . That was just one example and you can look up his record on women or family issues yourself. Lots of little things like that had endeared Pistella to lots of local voters. He was known as a big support of elderly issues for sure and who makes up most elderly in the US: women.
But he lost and to figure out why you have to look at the hysteria wrapped up in the anger at the pay raise the legislators voted for themselves. What you saw in the aftermath of the pay raise fiasco that people came out and vo. So honestly, Pistella and others who went along with that may have deserved what they got.... but that says little about the ideas of their opponents in many cases. It's as if the none of the above vote was pressed.
As disclosure of sorts, or a disclosure of nothing to disclose: if it is not obvious this is my district and Pistella lives down the street though I have never met him in any venue at all. I would see him on the bus sometimes and to this day he is the only politician I have ever seen regularly using public transportation for actual transportation. and I have never met Bennington either. But my take of their race was not that Bennington ran for anything, but just against Pistella. Almost all of the campaign literature was simple and straightforward anti-Pistella. It all came down to: your representative took that pay raise and you should vote him out. It all looked like this sample piece:
To be fair, she was by far not the only candidate who rode to office on the backlash of anger against the pay raise, but were flyers like this a bit over the top? We could debate what is or isn't negative campaigning, but no matter what this ad is not about advancing women's issues or advancing anything else.. it says simply that the old guy is bad and ought to be kicked out. My bet is that someone had polling saying the pay raise was the issue and this pointed message is what the political consultants said would get to the voters.. no subtlety whatsoever just "WE CAUGHT THE INCUMBENT RED HANDED". The anonymous incumbent at that. It has about as much content as saying: "we need to get rid of the evildoers".
Here is the key question that is best asked after we see who wins this seat but still... after a two year interregnum, is the candidate that now eventually replaces Pistella going to be at least equal to his record on women's issues? better? or far worse??
Thursday, January 03, 2008
a smaller cheaper state legislature? maybe.
The race where Bennington beat Pistella is interesting one to compare to this race I read about when driving through rural Virginia a few weeks ago. I literally saw this headline which caught my eye in the Winchester Star: "Regional Senate race was state’s costliest ". What it says is that for Virginia's 27th State Senate a total of $3,866,202 was spent by candidates in the race. In the end district Republican Jill H. Vogel spent $1,721,304 in a 48-47 victory over Democrat Karen K. Schultz who spent $1,430,460. $3.8 million! think about that a bit. More significantly, of that 1.7 million spent by Vogel, the article explains that $466K came from ONE contributor. How much do local races cost? You can look up state financing on the Pennsylvania's secretary of state's campaign finance website. In the last state election cycle for legislators I looked up what the contested race in PA 21 cost the candidates. From what I see, then incumbent Frank Pistella spent $23,375 in the 2006 primary season. Bennington the victor spent $39,942. Even combined the total spent was 1/6oth of what was spent in that one Virginia race.
While all politicians need to worry about raising money I don't really sense that the myriad of state legislators in Pennsylvania spend all their time consumed with fundraising. For a local state legislator to raise over $1 million for a single race, that really means they have to be working on raising money all year long and then some. Many have advocated for a smaller Pennsylvania legislature and its a compelling argument. Yet, the large $$ amounts in that one Virginia race makes me wonder about how money would impact a smaller legislature. Maybe the larger legislature dilutes the influence of big money holds some water. Lobbying and influence seeking money will always be out there. If some of the more radical proposals for the Pennsylvania state legislature were implemented, say shrinking it from 203 to 50 seats... will all that same money just wind up concentrated on that many fewer candidates, often concentrated on the incumbents. It might lower the public payroll a bit, but with races costing in the $millions, the amount spent on salaries is a fraction of the money actually being spent in the political process. I am not sure what the lesser evil is in the end.
How much money is spent overall. I would not take this as definitive data, but I wrote a script to pull data from the campaign finance web site. Since the primary is coming up I pulled out what I think were all of the 2006 primary election races for the Pennsylvania house and senate. It's not the cleanest data with people changing the names of their committees, filing amendments and the like.... but I think I have an accurate summary. When you combine the results from cycles 1 2 and 3 in 2006 you get this list of total expenditures by campaign committee for the 2006 primary.
Overall I would say $20 million was reported as being spent in the 2006 primary season by over 800 individual filers at an average of $25K per campaign. At the very top were some of the biggest races for then senate leaders Brightbill and Jubalier which both spent over a million. The $ amounts drop off pretty fast from there. That one big $466K contributor in the Virginia race mentioned could have conceivably funded the entire expenditures of all but 6 of the campaigns in 2006 Pennsylvania primary races.
I may update this if I ever spend anytime cleaning the data, but here is my current list of top total expenditures by campaign . Note the district numbers could refer to either a house of senate district. I didn't think of that when pulling the data. And again, I would not take this as definitive, if you see something of interest, feel free to look up the details yourself with the online report search page. The changing names of the committees means some of the summaries are not the full picture and you can see some of the dups in there. The top 20 expenditures I will list below, the full excel file I have linked above.
Committee name District Total
(cycles 1,2 and 3)
Friends of Senator Jubelirer Committee 30 $1,400,398
BRIGHTBILL, DAVE FRIENDS OF SENATOR COM 48 $1,002,414
Friends of John Perzel 172 $864,289
VEON, MIKE COM TO ELECT 14 $823,187
FUMO, VINCENT FOR SENATE 1 $571,283
John Perzel Victory 2006 172 $483,069
WHEATON, HEIDI PA PATRIOTS FOR 36 $334,581
DEWEESE, BILL CAMPAIGN COM 50 $316,686
Baker for Senate 20 $290,346
Friends of Mike Brubaker 36 $266,424
EICHELBERGER, JOHN - I LIKE EICH 30 $254,509
DOLAN, MIKE LEADERSHIP FUND 30 $254,316
GRABOYES, TERRY FRIENDS OF 175 $220,069
WHEATON, HEIDI F. 36 $218,836
HAGGERTY, JIM FOR SENATE 20 $212,089
Evans, John Friends of 5 $208,822
O'Donnell Brian for State Representative 121 $208,302
GANNON, TOM COM TO ELECT 161 $178,578
MATTA, GEORGE FRIENDS OF 35 $178,012
FUMO FOR STATE SENATE COMMITTEE 1 $167,731
those tubes sure do stretch a long way
But it is a lot of property in the East End and it seems like the plan is to dismantle the dealership. What that means in terms of who is buying up the property and for what uses is just something to watch.